Argo world 

Operational Uses of Argo Data

Many centers around the world now use Argo data to produce global and regional analyses of subsurface properties because Argo is the most abundant source of subsurface information, (temperature, salinity, velocity) for the global ocean. The availability of these data in real time lends them to use by operational centers involved in the analysis and forecasting of the state of the ocean and of climate.

The following table summarizes the uses that are presently being made of Argo data by these centers.

Country
Center
System
Type
Region
Products
Argo data assimilated
Contact
Australia
Ocean forecast and reanalysis
Australian Waters
Global
OceanMAPS: SST, SSS, SLA, and surface currents
BRAN: SST and Ocean T
T + S
peter.oke@csiro.au
Australia
Climate reanalysis and seasonal forecasting
Global, but focus on tropics
Seasonal Climate Outlook
ENSO forecasts
SST forecasts
T + S
poama@bom.gov.au
Australia
Sea Surface Temperature analyses
Australian waters & global
Sea Surface Temperature: Australian Region, Pacific Region, Indian Ocean and Global
T + S
a.zhong@bom.gov.au
Canada
GIOPS/ CONCEPTS
Ice-ocean analysis and forecast
Global
T + S
France
Ocean analysis + forecast
N + Trop Atlantic, Med Sea, Global
Weekly bulletins:
Salinity, Temperature, Surface Currents, SSH, MLD
1/12° global data data via MyOcean
Global Biogeochemical analysis data via MyOcean
Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea data via MyOcean
T + S
bulletin@mercator-ocean.fr
India
Ocean analysis + forecast
Global
Ocean Analysis FTP (login required) and Ocean Analysis Dataset on LAS:
Analyses of temperature, salinity, currents, SSH, anomalies and indices
T + S
ssiva@incois.gov.in
Italy
Ocean analysis + forecast
Mediterranean
High and low resolution forecasts and analyses of temperature, salinity, currents, wave, heat flux and wind stress
T + S
Japan
Ocean analysis (currents, subsurface temperatures)
NW Pacific
Daily, 10-day mean and monthly mean:
SST, Subsurface temperature, currents, ice parameters
T + S
neargoos@climar.kishou.go.jp
Japan
Ocean analysis + ENSO forecasts
Global but focus on Eq Pacific
El Nino monitoring and outlook
T + S
tcc@met.kishou.go.jp
Norway
Ocean analysis + forecast
(+ ecosystem)
Atlantic/Nordic/ Arctic
Arctic Ocean 12.5km daily mean analysis and forecast: temperature, salinity, velocity, SSH, ice parameters, MLD
T + S
laurent.bertino@nersc.no
UK
Seasonal forecasts + ocean reanalysis
Global
Ocean Reanalysis
Forecasts: Medium, Extended and Long-range
T + S
neh@ecmwf.int
UK
Ocean forecasting
Global nested model
Daily mean:
Temperature, salinity, velocity, SSH
T + S
servicedesk@metoffice.gov.uk
UK
Seasonal climate forecasts
Global
Daily mean:
Temperature, salinity, velocity, SSH, MLD, sea ice parameters
T + S
Neill.Bowler@metoffice.gov.uk
USA
Seasonal to interannual forecast
Global
CSF2
Analysis and Forecasts
T only
David.Behringer@noaa.gov
USA
Ocean forecast
Global
T + S
coamps@nrlmry.navy.mil
USA
Ocean analysis
Global
12-hourly, daily, 10-day, monthly fields
Temperature, salinity, velocity, SSH, MLD, ice parameters, etc.
T + S
ecco@ocean.mit.edu
USA
Seasonal forecasts and analysis
Global
Forecast and Analysis:
SST and temperature
T + S
steven.pawson@nasa.gov
USA
Ocean monitory and analysis
Global
Monthly climatology and Monthly and annual anomalies:
SST, MLD, SSH, winds, currents, TCH, heat flux, etc.
T only
Yan.Xue@noaa.gov
David.Behringer@noaa.gov
hendrik.tolman@noaa.gov
USA
Ocean prediction and
forecast system
Global
Forecast:
temperature, salinity, currents and SSH
T + S
oceanNOMADS@noaa.gov
USA
Real-Time Ocean forecast system
Global
Forecast data:
temperature, salinity, currents, SSH, ice cover
T + S in daily analysis
T + S used as verification in forecast
Avichal.Mehra@noaa.gov

Not all of these sytems yet make full use of Argo's temperature and salinity profiles for assimilation into analysis and prediction models. However the operational users of Argo data cite the data's abundance, its uniform spatial distribution, the greater depth penetration (than XBTs), the data quality and the availability of salinity information as being beneficial.

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